Women living in western societies still lag behind men even though their governments have granted them political and social equality. By contrast, the 19th century Paris Commune was an interim government that recognized women’s rights and employed their leadership in a class struggle for equality.
Most Malayali women take on their husbands' surnames, as done throughout south Indian communities. They are morally compelled to do so, and few challenge the practice because they do not want to launch a fight for individual identity that could earn them the reputation of rebels.
Indigenous woman in Mexico can be jailed and charged with murder for suffering a miscarriage. In most cases judicial proceedings against the women are conducted in Spanish and they are not offered a translator or defense lawyer who can explain the process in the women's native language.